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How Do Whales Breathe?

HOW DO WHALES BREATHE?

Because whales live in the ocean, many people think they are fish. But do you know that whales and dolphins are not fish? They are mammals. People are mammals too. Mammals are the group of animals that breath air using lungs, give birth to live young (rather than laying eggs), and feed their young with mother’s milk. All animals, including people, need oxygen, a chemical found in the air and in water. Fish use their gills to take oxygen from the water that they live in. But people get the oxygen we need by breathing air, using our lungs. Whales and dolphins use their lungs to breathe air also.

That’s one reasons why they come to the surface of the ocean. Sometimes they lie right at the surface of the water, with just a part of their back sticking out. Look closely at a picture of a whale or dolphin; can you see a nose on the whale? You can’t, because whales don’t have noses like you and me. Instead they have a hole – called a “blow hole” – on top of their heads. Sometimes when a whale breathes air out of its blow hole, it shows up as a spray or mist – called a “spout” – that can be seen many miles away. Blow holes are surrounded by muscles that keep the hole closed when the whale or dolphin is under water and open it when the animal is at the surface and needs to breathe.

In fact, some of the animals have two blow holes next to each other and others have only one. So when you see a picture of a whale, see if you can tell the difference. Pilot whales and dolphins have one blow hole; humpbacks, minkes and right whales have two.

19 Comments

  1. Hi there. A dolphin exhales then inhales. Dolphins are very efficient breathers and exchange approximately 90% of the air in their lungs with each breath. This compares with humans who exchange approximately 20% of the air in our lungs when we breathe. Thansk for your question!

  2. what is the order of a dolphins’ respiration? my daughter has a research project on a dophins respiratory system

  3. To Savannah: A whale’s blowholes are like nostrils. However, whales are voluntary breathers and must consciously open and close their blowholes in order to breath. When the whale surfaces, it opens its blowhole and breathes out, then inhales. It is the forceful exhalation of air that vaporizes any residual water on top of the whale’s head and creates the spout. Hope this helps!

  4. To Avinash: I’m glad this was helpful! And thank YOU for helping to spread correct information!

  5. how do whales use there blow wholes?it is hard for me to answer that one question.i am doing it for a project and i just need that one thing.

  6. Thanks Kathy, I had an argument with the teacher of mu student who said whales were fish and breathed through their GILLS. I showwed her your detailed comment. That settled the issue and my student got her full credits.

  7. Thanks…. good information

  8. Thanks for your question! Whale’s have a very forceful exhalation that clears away any water – hence the “spout” or “blow” seen. Their inhalation is very very fast so waves don’t even have a chance to get into the blowhole. Further, the volume of a whale’s lungs is quite large, so even if a little water from a wave got into the blowhole it wouldn’t cause more than mild discomfort. Sometimes whales and dolphins “chuff”, which is a coughing-like exhalation from their blowhole, and it is thought that one purpose of “chuffing” may be to rid their lungs of water. It’s kind of like when a human swallows wrong and a small amount of liquid goes into our lungs. We cough, but most of the time we’re ok.

  9. If when the whale goes to breathe IN after expelling 90% of the air in it’s lungs, and a wave comes when it is inhaling, would the water go in the blowhole and lungs and the whale drown?

  10. Not all mammals give birth to live young. The monotremes are a group of egg laying mammals that include the spiny ant eater and the platypus.

  11. Thanks needed it for a project

  12. Thanks i needed it for my homework

  13. Thanks. I need these facts to answer my 5 year old son’s questions. Great to have found this.
    Thx.

  14. Yes – like our nostrils, they use both blowholes to breathe out then both to breathe in. Only baleen whales (mysticetes) like Humpbacks and Blues have two blowholes. Toothed whales (odontocetes) like dolphins and porpoises have one.

  15. Whales that have 2 blow holes: do they breather out and in through both?

  16. Glad this helps, Nicole! I’m looking forward to seeing the movie. It’s based on a true story!

  17. Hi Mark.
    Thanks for your question! Whales exhale then inhale when they surface. They are very efficient breathers and exchange up to 90% of the air in their lungs at every surfacing. They will frequently surface and breath several times in a row, than go on a deeper dive.
    Kathy

  18. I am glad I found this. Sadly, I was confused by the new movie coming out about whales trapped below the ice. I couldn’t understand how Ice on the surface of the water would effect them. now I understand! thanks!

  19. If a whale blows out when it surfaces, when does it inhale?

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  1. Quora - How do whales breathe?... Shorter answer: Whales have lungs and the blow hole on top allows air in, and out, like …

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